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The Agreement On Government Procurement
Any enterprise of a signatory country that wishes to sell goods or services covered by the GPA to a procuring entity of another signatory country listed in Annex I to the GPA may benefit from this Agreement. The World Trade Organization estimates that the value of government procurement covered by the agreement is worth several hundred billion dollars a year. The following WTO members are parties to the 1994 Agreement: To be covered by the GPA, government procurement must meet minimum thresholds. These vary according to the nature of the procuring entity and the contract. The current thresholds are available in the table of thresholds (offline link) published by the WTO. The Agreement on Government Procurement (GPA) is a plurilateral agreement under the auspices of the World Trade Organization (WTO), which governs the procurement of goods and services by the parties` authorities on the basis of the principles of openness, transparency and non-discrimination. Where a supplier believes that there is a breach of this agreement, it is encouraged to enter into consultations with the procuring entity in order to resolve the problem. If such consultations lead to satisfactory results, each signatory government is expected to present non-discriminatory, timely, transparent and effective procedures that would allow suppliers to challenge alleged violations of the agreement. Suppliers may be asked to initiate a dispute procedure within a specified period (at least 10 days) from the date on which the basis of the complaint was known. Challenges must be brought before an impartial independent tribunal or supervisory body that is not interested in the outcome of the award of contracts. Challenge procedures must be completed “in a timely manner”.
The agreement was introduced in 1979 as the Tokyo Round Code on Government Procurement, which entered into force in 1981 under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade.  It was then renegotiated in parallel with the 1994 Uruguay Round and this version entered into force on 1 January 1996. The agreement was subsequently revised on 30 March 2012. The revised GPA entered into force on 6 July 2014.  Many purchasing opportunities are also published electronically. The full text of the revised GPA and the new annexes, which sets out the government procurement covered by all Contracting Parties to the GPA, is available under GPA-113. The GPA is a plurilateral agreement within the WTO, which means that not all WTO members are parties to the agreement. At present, the agreement has 20 parties with 48 WTO members. 36 WTO members/observers participate as observers in the GPA Committee. .