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Why Was It Difficult To Reach Agreements At The Potsdam Conference
On 2 August, the Heads of State and Government signed a declaration of the agreements, the so-called Potsdam Agreement. The Potsdam conference turned out to be the last meeting of allied heads of state and government. The growing distrust and conflict of interest between the three countries has led to strained relations. The tension between communism in the Soviet Union and capitalism in the United States eventually turned into a cold war. Churchill himself was not at his best in Potsdam. He was depressed, depressed and worried about the outcome of the home elections. He lacked the adrenaline rush that the nation`s war efforts had given him. He told his doctor: “I don`t want to do anything. I don`t have any energy. I wonder if she`ll come back. He refused to review briefing papers prepared for him by experts from the Department of Foreign Affairs and instead gave himself a lengthy, unrelated speech at the conference table. The Potsdam conference took place after the Yalta conference.
The Potsdam took place in August 1945. The Potsdam conference took place in Potsdam from 17 July to 2 August 1945. (In some older documents, it is also called the Berlin Conference of the three heads of government of the USSR, the United States and the United Kingdom.   Participants were the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States, represented by Prime Minister Joseph Stalin, Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Clement Attlee and President Harry S. Truman. They met to decide how to manage Germany, which nine weeks earlier, on 8 May (Victory Day in Europe), had declared itself ready to surrender unconditionally. Among the objectives of the conference were the establishment of the post-war order, the issues of the peace treaty and the fight against the effects of war. From July 30 to 31, this was interspersed into a three-part package. The Americans recognized a German-Polish border along the Oder and Western Neisse – the end of polish claims.
To coax Bevin, this was billed as a temporary regime until a final decision was made at a future peace conference. In return, the Soviets agreed that no cash money would be set for repairs, but they were free to take whatever they wanted. After haggling over exact figures it was also agreed that 10 per cent of all industrial plants in the three western zones “useless for the German peace economy” would be given to the Soviets. An additional 15% would be transferred out of the Soviet zone in exchange for food, coal and raw materials. The third element of the agreement was the agreement that the new Council of Foreign Ministers, created by the conference, would give priority to the development of a peace treaty with Italy so that the country could be admitted to the United Nations. Contracts would then be drawn up for Bulgaria, Romania, Hungary and Finland. Conference participants discussed the content and procedures of peace agreements in Europe, but did not seek to draft peace agreements. This task has been entrusted to a Council of Foreign Ministers.
The main concerns of the Big Three, their foreign ministers and their collaborators were the direct management of defeated Germany, the delimitation of Poland`s borders, the occupation of Austria, the definition of the Soviet Union`s role in Eastern Europe, the determination of reparations and the continuation of the war against Japan. Potsdam lacked apathy and goodwill, which had largely marked previous war conferences, because each nation was most affected by its own interest, and Churchill was especially wary of Stalin`s motivations and uncompromising position. The main objective of the Potsdam conference was to put an end to the post-war period and to put into practice all that had been agreed in Yalta.