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What Was An Agreement Made By The Allies At The Post Dam Conference
In the statement of the Potsdam conference on Germany, it is stated: “The intention of the Allies is to enable the German people to prepare for a possible reconstruction of their lives on a democratic and peaceful basis.” The four areas of occupation of Germany, designed at the Yalta conference, were created, each to be managed by the commander-in-chief of the Soviet, British, American or French occupation army. Berlin, Vienna and Austria were also divided into four zones of occupation. An allied supervisory board, made up of representatives of the four allies, should deal with issues relating to Germany and Austria as a whole. Their policy was dictated by the “five Ds” decided in Yalta: demilitarization, denatalization, democratization, decentralization and deindustrialization. Each Allied power had to seize repairs to its own areas of occupation, while the Soviet Union was allowed 10 to 15 percent of industrial equipment in western Germany in exchange for agricultural and other natural products in its area. At the conference, Truman called Stalin a “powerful new weapon” unspecified. Towards the end of the conference, on 26 July, potsdam`s declaration issued an ultimatum to Japan to surrender unconditionally or to face the “rapid and total destruction” that the new bomb did not mention, but promised that “it was not the intention to enslave Japan.” The Soviet Union did not participate in this declaration, as it was still neutral in the war against Japan. Japanese Prime Minister Kantaré Suzuki did not respond, which was seen as a sign that the Japanese Empire had ignored the ultimatum.  Subsequently, the United States dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945 and nagasaki on August 9, 1945. The justifications cited were that both cities were legitimate military targets and that it was necessary to quickly end the war and preserve American life. The three governments took note of discussions in recent weeks in London between representatives of the United Kingdom, the United States, the Soviet Union and France to reach agreement on the methods of trial of major war criminals whose crimes do not present a particular geographical location after the Moscow Declaration of October 1943.